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Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

Periodontal gum disease include gingivitis and periodontitis, which are chronic bacterial infections that affect the gums and the bone supporting the teeth. They begin with the bacteria in the plaque (the sticky, colourless film that forms on your teeth on a daily basis), which causes the gums to become red and swollen and to bleed easily.


How is gum disease treated?

Periodontal treatment is focused on reducing the inflammation and infection that is taking place below the gum level. The aim is to control the infection and stop further bone deterioration. There are a number of different treatment options available and the type recommended for you will depend on the extent of the gum disease that is present. The most common treatment technique is ‘’scaling and root planning’’ which is works to remove the bacteria from the root surface below the gum level.